Posts contrassegnato dai tag ‘Wikileaks’

Fonte: http://cables.mrkva.eu/cable.php?id=251110

US embassy cable – 10VATICAN33

SEX ABUSE SCANDAL STRAINS IRISH-VATICAN RELATIONS, SHAKES UP IRISH CHURCH, AND POSES CHALLENGES FOR THE HOLY SEE

Identifier: 10VATICAN33
Origin: Embassy Vatican
Created: 2010-02-26 16:32:00
Classification: SECRET
Tags: PREL PHUM SOCI KIRF VT EI
VZCZCXRO4523
PP RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHNP RUEHSL
DE RUEHROV #0033/01 0571632
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
P 261632Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 1265
INFO RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 0135
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 0098
RUEHROV/AMEMBASSY VATICAN 1305
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 03 VATICAN 000033 

SIPDIS 

E.O. 12958: DECL:  2/26/2035 
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, SOCI, KIRF, VT, EI 
SUBJECT: SEX ABUSE SCANDAL STRAINS IRISH-VATICAN RELATIONS, SHAKES UP 
IRISH CHURCH, AND POSES CHALLENGES FOR THE HOLY SEE 

VATICAN 00000033  001.2 OF 003 

CLASSIFIED BY: Julieta Valls Noyes, DCM, EXEC, State. 
REASON: 1.4 (b) 
1.  (C) Summary: The November 2009 report of cover-up by local 
bishops of revelations of physical and sexual abuse of children 
by Irish clergy appalled Catholics and others worldwide. 
Vatican and Irish officials\' first concern was for the victims, 
but that reality was sometimes obscured in the events that 
followed which also   cast a chill on Irish-Vatican relations. 
The Vatican believes the Irish government failed to respect and 
protect Vatican sovereignty during the investigations.  Much of 
the Irish public views the Vatican protests as pettily 
procedural and failing to confront the real issue of horrific 
abuse and cover-up by Church officials.  The resulting profound 
crisis in the Irish Church, meanwhile, required intervention by 
Pope Benedict, who met with Irish Church leaders in December 
2009 and in February 2010 to discuss next steps.  Although the 
Pope will address a pastoral letter on the situation to Irish 
Catholics in the next few weeks, both the Vatican and the local 
Catholic Church agree that further follow-up should be handled 
domestically in Ireland.  The Vatican\'s relatively swift 
response to this crisis showed it learned key lessons from the 
U.S. sex abuse scandals in 2002 but still left some Catholics - 
in Ireland and beyond -- feeling disaffected.  The crisis will 
play out for years inside Ireland, where future revelations are 
expected, even as new clerical sex abuse allegations are being 
made in Germany.  End Summary. 

Origin of a Scandal: Horrific and Endemic 
------------------------------------------ 

2. (U) The Irish scandal broke in the 1990s, following a series 
of criminal cases and Irish government enquiries that 
established that hundreds of lay persons and priests had abused 
thousands of children in Ireland for decades.  In 1999, Irish 
Prime Minister Bertie Ahern announced a program to respond to 
the abuse, including a compensation scheme into which the 
government and various religious orders made contributions.  In 
announcing this program, Ahern was the first Irish official to 
apologize to the victims.  He also launched a study into abuse 
at Irish institutions run by religious orders but overseen and 
funded by Ireland\'s Department of Education.  After nine years 
of investigation, the Ryan Commission issued a report in May 
2009  that detailed horrific abuses, including 325 alleged cases 
of abuse by priests, and concluded they were \"endemic.\"  With 
the crisis unfolding, Irish Catholics and Irish investigators 
turned to Rome for additional answers. 

Political Reaction: Inquiries Offend Vatican and Irish Public 
--------------------------------------------- ---------------- 

3. (SBU) After release of the Ryan report, the Irish Government 
ordered an investigation of the Ryan Commission\'s allegations 
against priests in the Archdiocese of Dublin, to be conducted by 
the independent Murphy Commission.  Sidestepping diplomatic 
channels, the Murphy Commission sent a letter requesting further 
information to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith 
(CDF), which follows issues relating to clerical misconduct and 
crimes.  The Commission also asked the Vatican Nuncio in Ireland 
to answer questions.  (Judge Murphy argued that the body did not 
have to follow normal inter-state procedures in making its 
requests because the independent commission was not part of the 
Irish government.) 

4. (S/NF) While Vatican contacts immediately expressed deep 
sympathy for the victims and insisted that the first priority 
was preventing a recurrence, they also were angered by how the 
situation played out politically.  The Murphy Commission\'s 
requests offended many in the Vatican, the Holy See\'s Assessor 
Peter Wells (protect strictly) told DCM, because they saw them 
as an affront to Vatican sovereignty.  Vatican officials were 
also angered that the Government of Ireland did not step in to 
direct the Murphy Commission to follow standard procedures in 
communications with Vatican City.  Adding insult to injury, 
Vatican officials also believed some Irish opposition 
politicians were making political hay with the situation by 
calling publicly on the government to demand that the Vatican 
reply.  Ultimately, Vatican Secretary of State (Prime Minister 
equivalent) Bertone wrote to the Irish Embassy that requests 
related to the investigation must come through diplomatic 
channels via letters rogatory. 

5. (S/NF) The Irish Embassy to the Holy See offered to 
facilitate better communications between the Irish commission 
and the Holy See, but neither party took any further action. 
Irish Ambassador Noel Fahey (formerly ambassador to Washington) 
told DCM this was the most difficult crisis he had ever managed. 
The Irish government wanted to be seen as cooperating with the 
investigation because its Education Department was implicated, 
but did not want to insist that the Vatican answer the requests 
because they had come outside of regular channels.  In the end, 
the Irish government decided not to press the Vatican to reply, 
according to Fahey\'s Deputy, Helena Keleher.  Moreover, Keleher 

VATICAN 00000033  002.2 OF 003 

told Polchief the CDF probably did not have much to add to the 
inquiry.  Regarding the request for the Nuncio to testify, 
Keleher said the GOI understood that foreign ambassadors are not 
required or expected to appear before national commissions. 
Nevertheless, Keleher thought the Nuncio in Ireland made things 
worse by simply ignoring the requests. 

6. (C) The resentment caused by the Murphy Commission tactics - 
and failure of the Government of Ireland to temper them -- now 
has worn off a little in Rome.  This is in part because the 
legal and diplomatic questions posed by the Commission\'s demands 
are now moot since the Murphy Commission released its report in 
November 2009.  It substantiated many of the claims and also 
concluded that some bishops tried to cover up the abuses, 
putting the interests of the Church ahead of those of the 
victims. 

7. (C) The Irish people\'s anger, however, has not worn off.  The 
refusal of the Holy See to respond to the Murphy Commission 
questions caused a furor of public disbelief in Ireland when it 
became known.  Foreign Minister Martin was forced to call in the 
Papal Nuncio to discuss the situation.  The Irish public was not 
mollified.  Resentment toward the Church in Rome remains very 
high, particularly because of the institutionalized cover-up of 
abuse by the Catholic Church hierarchy.  In the wake of the 
scandal, four of the five bishops named in the Murphy Report 
have resigned; the fifth has refused to quit.  Archbishop 
Martin\'s Christmas Eve Midnight Mass announcement of the 
resignation of two of the five key bishops named in the Murphy 
report was met be thunderous applause, which he had a hard time 
quieting. 

Pastoral Reaction: Meetings with Clerics and Messages to 
Catholics 
--------------------------------------------- -------------- 
-------- 

8. (C) Meanwhile, the normally cautious Vatican moved with 
uncharacteristic speed to address the internal Church crisis. 
The Pope convoked a meeting with senior Irish clerical leaders 
on December 11, 2009.  Irish Cardinal Sean Brady and Archbishop 
of Dublin Diarmuid Martin came to Rome and met with the Pontiff, 
who was flanked by Cardinal Bertone (the Vatican Prime Minster 
equivalent), and four other Cardinals whose duties include 
oversight over some aspect of the Irish situation.  At the end 
of the meeting, the Vatican issued a statement saying that the 
Pope shared the \"outrage, betrayal, and shame\" of Irish 
Catholics over the deliberations, that he was praying for the 
victims, and that the Church would take steps to prevent 
recurrences.  Archbishop Martin told reporters afterwards that 
he expected a major shake-up of the Church in Ireland. 

9. (SBU) The Vatican\'s next move was to call a broader, two-day 
meeting with Irish bishops, February 15-16, to discuss the 
crisis.  There, the Pope urged the bishops to address the sexual 
abuse with resolve and courage, to prevent any recurrences, and 
to bring healing to the victims.  Meeting participants examined 
and discussed a draft of the \"Pastoral Letter of the Holy Father 
to the Catholics of Ireland\" that the Pope will issue by the end 
of March.  A later Vatican statement said the abuses in Ireland 
were a \"heinous crime and also a grave sin.\" 

10. (U) At a press conference on February 16, Vatican spokesman 
Lombardi said the meeting was aimed at dialogue and 
direction-setting, and was not intended to produce specific 
policy decisions. The statement quoted the bishops\' assurances 
that \"significant measures have now been taken to ensure the 
safety of children and young people.\"  The full text is 
available at http://212.77.1.245/news 
services/bulletin/news/25154.php?index=25154& po 
date=16.02.2010&lang=en 

Public Reaction: Vatican Response Helps, but More Needed 
--------------------------------------------- ----------- 

11. (C/NF) Judging by media commentary, many  non-Irish 
Catholics felt the Vatican\'s response to the crisis was a good 
start but more was needed.  Irish Deputy Head of Mission Keleher 
told polchief on February 18 that she sympathized with victims\' 
groups\' criticism of the Vatican statement, because it was not 
more focused on the pain caused to the victims.  Victims\' 
associations also have complained that the Pope did not issue an 
apology for the abuses and that he did not order the removal of 
the remaining bishop accused of the cover-up.  (Archbishop 
Martin\'s comments in December apparently had convinced many that 
the Vatican would remove the errant bishops if they did not 
quit.) 

Comment: Some Lessons Learned, but Crisis Will Play Out for Years 
--------------------------------------------- -------------------- 

VATICAN 00000033  003.2 OF 003 

12. (C) In keeping with the Catholic practice of making local 
bishops ultimately responsible for the management of their 
dioceses, we expect that the locus of the crisis and measures to 
address it will remain largely with the Catholic Church in 
Ireland.  One exception will be on decisions of whether to 
accept or reject resignation offers from the implicated bishops 
-- or the removal of the bishop who  refused to offer his 
resignation -- which rest with the Pope.  The other big 
exception will be the Pope\'s pastoral letter to Irish Catholics, 
in which the Vatican may address concerns and criticisms about 
statements and actions undertaken to date.  After this, though, 
the Vatican will return to the background - while keeping an eye 
on the Irish bishops and continuing to urge them to speak with 
one voice.  Our contacts at the Vatican and in Ireland expect 
the crisis in the Irish Catholic Church to be protracted over 
several years, as only allegations from the Dublin Archdiocese 
have been investigated to date.  Investigations of allegations 
from other Archdioceses will lead, officials in both states 
lament, to additional painful revelations. 

13. (C) In Ireland, these abuse scandals occurred at the end of 
a long period of increasing secularization of society - and may 
further reduce the influence of the Catholic Church. Indeed, the 
great vehemence of the Irish reaction to this crisis reflects 
how far the Catholic Church in Ireland has fallen.  Once 
ensconced in the Irish Constitution, the Irish Catholic Church 
reached the height of its prestige and power with the 1979 visit 
of Pope John Paul II but it has been falling ever since.  At the 
same time, the Murphy Report reflects Irish shame over the 
collaboration of Ireland\'s state bodies, including its schools, 
courts and police, in the appalling abuses and cover-up that 
occurred for decades. 

14. (S) Vatican analysts, meanwhile, agree that the Holy See\'s 
handling of the Irish scandal shows the Vatican learned some 
important lessons from the U.S. sex abuse scandal of 2002.  By 
acting quickly to express horror at allegations, to label the 
alleged acts both crimes and sins, and to call in the local 
leaders to discuss how to prevent recurrences, the Vatican 
limited - but certainly did not eliminate - the damage caused to 
the Church\'s standing in Ireland and worldwide.  Unfortunately, 
given the growing abuse scandal in Germany, it may need to 
deploy those lessons again before long.  End Comment. 

15. (U) Embassy Dublin contributed to and cleared this cable. 
DIAZ
Annunci

Fonte: http://cables.mrkva.eu/cable.php?id=4056

 

US embassy cable – 02VATICAN5167

VATICAN BACKS U.S. BISHOPS\’ SEXUAL ABUSE POLICY, BUT SEEKS CANONICAL DUE PROCESS

Identifier: 02VATICAN5167
Origin: Embassy Vatican
Created: 2002-10-23 09:34:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Tags: PHUM PREL PGOV SOCI PREL PGOV SOCI VT VTPHUM
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 VATICAN 005167 

SIPDIS 

SENSITIVE 

DEPT. EUR/WE (MENNUTI) 

E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PHUM, PREL, PGOV, SOCI, PREL, PGOV, SOCI, VT, VTPHUM 
SUBJECT: VATICAN BACKS U.S. BISHOPS\' SEXUAL ABUSE POLICY, 
BUT SEEKS CANONICAL DUE PROCESS 

------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 

1. (U) IN AN OCTOBER 18 LETTER TO THE U.S. CONFERENCE OF 
CATHOLIC BISHOPS, THE HOLY SEE CONVEYED ITS SUPPORT FOR THE 
U.S. BISHOPS\' EFFORTS TO ADDRESS SEXUAL ABUSE ISSUES, BUT 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02        VATICA  05167  01 OF 02  231022Z 
ALSO INDICATED ITS DESIRE FOR REVISIONS IN THE BISHOP\'S 
ABUSE POLICY DOCUMENT ADOPTED IN DALLAS IN JUNE 2002. 
ALTHOUGH JUDGED POSITIVELY AS A WHOLE, THE DOCUMENT WAS SEEN 
BY THE VATICAN TO BE AMBIGUOUS AND CONFUSED IN SOME PARTS, 
AS WELL AS CONTRARY TO THE LAWS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH 
(CANON LAW).  A COMMISSION OF FOUR U.S. BISHOPS AND FOUR 
VATICAN OFFICIALS WILL CONDUCT THE REVISION, EXPECTED TO BE 
COMPLETED IN TIME FOR THE U.S. BISHOPS\' NEXT MEETING IN 
NOVEMBER.  END SUMMARY. 

--------------------------------------------- --- 
BISHOPS\' POLICY ON TRACK, BUT FINE-TUNING NEEDED 
--------------------------------------------- --- 

2. (U) THE MUCH-ANTICIPATED VATICAN RESPONSE TO THE U.S. 
CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS\' \"NORMS FOR DIOCESAN POLICIES 
DEALING WITH ALLEGATIONS OF SEXUAL ABUSE OF MINORS BY 
PRIESTS, DEACONS, OR OTHER CHURCH PERSONNEL,\" CONVEYED IN A 
LETTER FROM THE PREFECT OF THE HOLY SEE\'S CONGREGATION 
(DEPARTMENT) FOR BISHOPS, CARDINAL GIOVANNI BATTISTA RE, 
EXPRESSED STRONG SUPPORT FOR THE BISHOPS\' EFFORTS TO RESPOND 
TO THE SEX ABUSE PROBLEM IN THE U.S.  THE HOLY SEE EXPRESSED 
\"FULL SOLIDARITY\" WITH THE U.S. BISHOPS\' CONDEMNATION OF 
SEXUAL MISDEEDS AND SUPPORT FOR THEIR EFFORTS TO \"RESPOND 
FIRMLY\" TO THE MISDEEDS OF A \"VERY SMALL NUMBER\" OF CHURCH 
PERSONNEL.  CARDINAL RE EMPHASIZED THAT THE HOLY SEE REGARDS 
SEXUAL ABUSE OF MINORS AS \"PARTICULARLY ABHORRENT.\"  AT THE 
SAME TIME, THE RE LETTER ALSO MADE CLEAR THAT THE VATICAN 
SAW POTENTIAL FOR CONFUSION AND MISINTERPRETATION IN SOME 
ASPECTS OF THE NORMS.  RE\'S LETTER IS THE FRUIT OF MONTHS OF 
INTERNAL DISCUSSION AMONG FIVE VATICAN DEPARTMENTS.  IT 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 03        VATICA  05167  01 OF 02  231022Z 
REFLECTED THE UNEASE FELT HERE THAT CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF 
THE NORMS COULD VIOLATE THE DUE-PROCESS RIGHTS OF ACCUSED 
CLERGY. 

3.   (U) THE HOLY SEE\'S CONCERNS WITH THE U.S. NORMS ARE 
CENTERED ON THE MECHANISMS FOR ADMINISTERING THE POLICY, ITS 
COMPATIBILITY WITH CANON LAW, AND LACK OF CLARITY IN SOME 
TERMINOLOGY.  FOR EXAMPLE, THE HOLY SEE IS CONCERNED ABOUT 
THE POTENTIAL CHALLENGE TO A BISHOP\'S AUTHORITY BY SO-CALLED 
\"REVIEW BOARDS\" -- BODIES WITH A HEAVY LAY COMPONENT 
MONITORING HOW SEX ABUSE ACCUSATIONS ARE DEALT WITH -- WHICH 
ARE TO BE SET UP IN EVERY DIOCESE.  THE U.S. DOCUMENT 
DEFINES THESE AS CONSULTATIVE, HOWEVER, THE VATICAN BELIEVES 
THEY COULD SEEK TO ASSERT AUTHORITY OVER BISHOPS TO HOLD 
THEM ACCOUNTABLE.  THE HOLY SEE ALSO EXPRESSED CONCERN ABOUT 
THE DEFINITION OF \"SEXUAL ABUSE.\"  THE \"NORMS\" DEFINE SEXUAL 
ABUSE BROADLY, INCLUDING NON-PHYSICAL ACTS.  THE VATICAN 
SEES THIS AS \"VAGUE AND IMPRECISE AND THEREFORE DIFFICULT TO 
INTERPRET.\" 

4. (U) AN ADDITIONAL CONCERN IS THAT THE NORMS GO FURTHER 
THAN CANON LAW AND RECENT PAPAL DIRECTIVES IN DEALING WITH 
PRIESTS CONVICTED OF SEXUAL ABUSE -- EITHER IN A CIVIL OR 
CHURCH COURT.  INSTANT DISMISSAL FROM THE CLERICAL STATE -- 
THE SO-CALLED \"ONE STRIKE AND YOU\'RE OUT\" POLICY -- DOES NOT 
CONFORM TO CHURCH LAW.  (COMMENT:  THE VATICAN ALSO MAKES A 
DISTINCTION BETWEEN ABUSE AND SEXUAL MISDEMEANOR, E.G., A 
YOUNG PRIEST HAVING A CONSENSUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH A 17 YEAR- 
OLD GIRL. INDEED, FROM THE VATICAN PERSPECTIVE THE LATTER 
RELATIONSHIP IS NOT A CIVIL MISDEMEANOR IN MANY COUNTRIES 
WHERE PRIESTS WORK.  END COMMENT.)  ALTHOUGH THE U.S. 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 04        VATICA  05167  01 OF 02  231022Z 
BISHOPS MAINTAIN THAT CURRENT CHURCH LAW PROCEDURES WILL BE 
RESPECTED, THE VATICAN IS SEEKING CHANGES TO SPECIFY EXACTLY 
HOW THIS WILL BE DONE. 

5. (U) TO ACHIEVE THESE REFINEMENTS AND PROVIDE THE VATICAN 
\"RECOGNITIO\" REQUESTED BY THE U.S. BISHOPS FOR THEIR POLICY, 
THE HOLY SEE AND THE U.S. BISHOPS HAVE CREATED A MIXED 
COMMISSION OF FOUR U.S. BISHOPS AND FOUR REPRESENTATIVES 
FROM THE HOLY SEE DICASTERIES HAVING A ROLE IN THE MATTERS 
UNDER REVIEW -- THE CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE 
FAITH, THE CONGREGATION FOR BISHOPS, THE CONGREGATION FOR 
THE CLERGY, AND THE PONTIFICAL COUNCIL FOR LEGISLATIVE 
TESTS.  THEIR REVISIONS ARE EXPECTED TO BE COMPLETED IN TIME 
FOR THE NEXT U.S. BISHOPS MEETING IN NOVEMBER.  AFTER THE 
BISHOPS INCORPORATE THE CHANGES INTO THEIR\' NORMS, THE HOLY 
SEE WOULD THEN APPROVE THE REVISED DOCUMENT (PROVIDE 
\"RECOGNITIO\"), WHICH THEN AUTOMATICALLY BECOMES BINDING FOR 
THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES (THOUGH NOT 
ELSEWHERE). 

------- 

                       UNCLASSIFIED 

                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5751 

PAGE 01        VATICA  05167  02 OF 02  231022Z 
ACTION EUR-00 

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AMAD-00  CIAE-00  DODE-00  DS-00    UTED-00 
      VC-00    TEDE-00  INR-00   LAB-01   VCE-00   NSAE-00  TEST-00 
      DSCC-00  PRM-00   DRL-02   SAS-00     /003W 
                  ------------------FCA70A  231023Z /38 
R 230934Z OCT 02 
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 
INFO WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 02 VATICAN 005167 

SIPDIS 

SENSITIVE 

DEPT. EUR/WE (MENNUTI) 

E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PHUM, PREL, PGOV, SOCI, VT 
SUBJECT: VATICAN BACKS U.S. BISHOPS\' SEXUAL ABUSE POLICY, 
BUT SEEKS CANONICAL DUE PROCESS 

COMMENT 
------- 

6. (SBU) CONTRARY TO MEDIA REPORTS SUGGESTING THAT THE HOLY 
SEE REJECTED THE U.S. BISHOPS\' PROPOSALS, THE HOLY SEE\'S 
RESPONSE IS BROADLY SUPPORTIVE WHILE SIMULTANEOUSLY 
CONCERNED THAT THE U.S. PROPOSALS -- HAMMERED OUT RAPIDLY 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 

PAGE 02        VATICA  05167  02 OF 02  231022Z 
LAST SUMMER UNDER AN INTENSE MEDIA SPOTLIGHT -- LACK THE 
PRECISION AND CLARITY NEEDED TO ENSURE AN EFFECTIVE POLICY 
THAT BOTH PROTECTS MINORS FROM ABUSE WHILE PROVIDING 
ADEQUATE SAFEGUARDS FOR CLERGY IN THE FACE OF POTENTIAL 
FALSE ALLEGATIONS.  THE BOTTOM LINE IS THAT THE VATICAN 
WANTS TO DEAL EFFECTIVELY WITH THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABUSE 
BY CLERGY, BUT DOES NOT WANT TO DO SO AT THE COST OF 
DEPRIVING CLERGY OF DUE PROCESS.  THE HOLY SEE DOES NOT AT 
THIS TIME REGARD THE U.S. BISHOPS\' EFFORT AS A MODEL FOR THE 
REST OF THE WORLD, WHERE IN CERTAIN COUNTRIES VOLUNTARY 
NORMS HAVE ALREADY BEEN AGREED WITH THE TACIT APPROVAL OF 
THE HOLY SEE.  NEVERTHELESS, THERE IS LITTLE DOUBT THAT THE 
U.S. POLICY WILL BECOME A POINT OF REFERENCE FOR OTHER 
COUNTRIES COMING TO TERMS WITH PAST CASES OF ABUSE.  FOR 
THIS REASON, THE HOLY SEE WANTS TO BE SURE THAT THE U.S. 
NORMS ARE FULLY CONSISTENT WITH CHURCH LAW AND PROVIDE A 
LASTING BASIS TO PROTECT MINORS FROM ABUSE WHILE ENSURING 
CANONICAL DUE PROCESS FOR ACCUSED CLERGY. 

HARDT 

                       UNCLASSIFIED 

> 

 2002VATICA05167 - Classification: UNCLASSIFIED

Padre Federico Lombardi

In Irlanda nuovi scandali di pedofilia nel clero. Lo annuncia un file dell’ambasciata Usa in Vaticano divulgato da Wikileaks. E ignorato dalla stampa in Italia di Federico Tulli
«A oggi sono state investigate solo le accuse nell’arcidiocesi di Dublino. I nostri contatti in Vaticano e in Irlanda  prevedono che la crisi con la Chiesa cattolica irlandese durerà anni. Funzionari di entrambe le parti hanno lamentato che indagini su ulteriori sospetti in altre diocesi porteranno a nuove dolorose rivelazioni». Questo dispaccio, a firma dell’ambasciatore americano presso la Santa Sede Miguel H. Diaz, è datato 26 febbraio 2010 e fa parte della serie di file pubblicati in Rete la scorsa settimana da Wikileaks e rilanciati sabato 11 dicembre sul quotidiano britannico Guardian. Curiosamente non una testata italiana ha ritenuto importante rilanciare quella che in fin dei conti è l’unica vera notizia tra le diverse note più o meno conosciute relative agli scandali pedofili che hanno innervosito il Vaticano e le sue gerarchie, vergate dai diplomatici statunitensi e “intercettate” da Wikileaks. Va detto che da fine febbraio a oggi non c’è traccia di nuovi casi “irlandesi” scoperti dalle autorità di Dublino. Mentre, sul fronte opposto, la Chiesa di Roma si è data parecchio da fare. C’è stata la lettera pastorale di Benedetto XVI agli irlandesi, annunciata l’11 dicembre 2009 dal portavoce Federico Lombardi e pubblicata dopo diversi rinvii solo il 19 marzo di quest’anno, e c’è stato il “repulisti” di vescovi locali. Insomma un mea culpa tardivo (e perdipiù, per pochi intimi, dal momento che la lettera ufficiale è stata pubblicata solo in latino) e qualche agnello sacrificale. Una storia già vista da un paio di millenni a questa parte. Ma forse nella “cattolicissima” Irlanda tanto basta per rallentare o insabbiare del tutto nuove «dolorose rivelazioni» sulla scia di quelle dei Rapporti Ryan e Murphy che nel 2010 hanno provocato le dimissioni del 20 per cento dei vescovi d’Irlanda perché coinvolti a vario titolo in centinaia di casi di pedofilia. Qui in Italia, invece, per smorzare sul nascere qualunque prurito dei media, alla Sala stampa vaticana è stato sufficiente alzare la voce e bollare come un «atto di estrema gravità» la “fuga di notizie” di Wikileaks e l’attenzione dei giornali stranieri che le hanno rilanciate. Così, quando la reticenza delle gerarchie d’Oltretevere coinvolte nell’inchiesta irlandese guidata dal giudice Yvonne Murphy conclusa poco più di un anno fa, è stata bollata dal Vaticano come «un’opinione» del diplomatico statunitense che aveva redatto il cable catturato dagli uomini di Julian Assange, nessuno si è preso la briga di andare a verificare come stavano veramente le cose.

E come stanno veramente non è scritto solo nei file “segreti”. Anzi, a ben vedere in questo caso Wikileaks non ha rivelato proprio nulla che non fosse già noto e pubblicato. L’atteggiamento omertoso della Chiesa di Roma è infatti stato denunciato nero su bianco sia nel Rapporto Murphy sia dalla stampa irlandese a fine novembre 2009, quando, appunto, i risultati dell’inchiesta sono stati resi pubblici. Forse per questo i media italiani hanno avuto il “coraggio” di darne notizia. A dire il vero omettendo molti dei passaggi cruciali. Nella sua inchiesta, infatti, il giudice Murphy dedica diversi capitoli al comportamento delle gerarchie ecclesiastiche. E rivela che la commissione da lei guidata sin dal 2006 aveva chiesto dettagli dei rapporti sugli abusi inviati alla Santa Sede dall’arcidiocesi di Dublino, senza mai ottenere risposta. Il Vaticano ritenne anzi di dover protestare  ufficialmente comunicando al ministero degli Esteri irlandese che Murphy «non era passata attraverso gli appropriati canali diplomatici». Ma la commissione d’inchiesta era indipendente dal governo, quindi era tenuta a usare canali diplomatici. Un altro momento chiave riguarda la richiesta di informazioni avanzata nel febbraio 2007 al nunzio apostolico a Dublino, Giuseppe Lazzarotto. A lui il giudice Murphy chiese tutti i documenti rilevanti in suo possesso ma in cambio ottenne solo silenzio. E Lazzarotto ha mantenuto lo stesso atteggiamento pure quando Murphy gli chiese di commentare i brani del Rapporto in cui era citato il suo ufficio, come ricordano il 26 novembre 2009 su The Irish Times in due diversi articoli Elaine Edwards e Patsy McGarry. Dopo i due contatti tentati dalla commissione, improvvisamente il 22 dicembre 2007 Lazzarotto diventa nunzio apostolico in Australia. Non proprio una mossa votata a garantire la massima trasparenza tanto invocata nei viaggi che di lì a poco Benedetto XVI avrebbe compiuto negli Stati Uniti e in Australia, due tra i Paesi più martoriati dalle scorribande pedofile dei preti cattolici. Almeno fino ad allora.

**

Il sondaggio

«Il papa sapeva tutto»
Una larga maggioranza dell’opinione pubblica olandese è convinta che le autorità della Chiesa cattolica romana, incluso Benedetto XVI fossero a conoscenza degli abusi di pedofilia e che abbiano volutamente taciuto per nascondere i crimini pedofili. È quanto emerge da un sondaggio “Maurice de Hond” compiuto dopo le denunce raccolte da una commissione indipendente istituita dalla Conferenza episcopale olandese, la quale ha accertato che, dal 1945 in poi, sono almeno duemila le persone che hanno dichiarato di avere subito abusi sessuali e fisici da parte di preti quando erano bambini. I casi portati alla luce collocano l’Olanda al secondo posto, dopo l’Irlanda, per la dimensione dello scandalo che ha scosso la Chiesa cattolica. Secondo il sondaggio, l’82 per cento degli interpellati è convinto che le gerarchie ecclesiastiche sapessero cosa accadeva nelle diocesi olandesi. Mentre l’81 per cento ritiene che anche il papa era a conoscenza degli abusi. Il 78 per cento si è dichiarato «estremamente deluso». A conclusione dello studio, gli esperti notano che in base alle risposte ricevute la credibilità delle autorità religiose cattoliche in Olanda è stata «fortemente danneggiata » dallo scandalo e da come hanno cercato di evitarlo. f.t.

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Insabbiare qualsiasi notizia relativa ai crimini pedofili compiuti all’ombra della Chiesa. In Vaticano dev’essere un gesto riflesso. Come altro definire l’ira della Santa sede per i file di Wikileaks pubblicati venerdì dal Guardian che svelano la reticenza delle gerarchie d’Oltretevere coinvolte nell’inchiesta irlandese guidata dal giudice Yvonne Murphy e conclusa poco più di un anno fa? «Un atto di estrema gravità», ha tuonato oggi la solerte sala stampa vaticana nel commentare la decisione del Guardian, aggiungendo che i cable – dove c’è scritto che la Santa Sede si irritò quando i suoi uomini furono convocati a Dublino per testimoniare di fronte alla commissione – riflettono solo le opinioni di chi li ha redatti.

Non è proprio così, le note diffuse da Wikileaks più che le opinioni del diplomatico Usa che le aveva messe nero su bianco, riflettono la realtà. In Vaticano lo sanno bene. E’ difficile infatti pensare che il sistema di monitoraggio delle notizie tra i più efficaci al mondo, come è quello guidato da padre Federico Lombardi, abbia dimenticato di dare un’occhiata a cosa c’è scritto nel Rapporto Murphy. Oppure, a quello che raccontavano i giornali irlandesi a fine novembre 2009, quando, appunto, i risultati dell’inchiesta sono stati resi pubblici.

Il giudice Murphy dedica infatti diverse pagine al comportamento delle gerarchie ecclesiastiche romane. E racconta come la commissione da lei guidata sin dal 2006 aveva chiesto dettagli dei rapporti sugli abusi inviati alla Santa Sede dall’arcidiocesi di Dublino. Il Vaticano non rispose alla richiesta, limitandosi a comunicare al ministero degli Esteri irlandese che Murphy «non era passata attraverso gli appropriati canali diplomatici». Ma la commissione era indipendente dal governo, quindi non aveva ritenuto opportuno usare canali diplomatici. Fu poi ignorata anche una richiesta di informazioni avanzata nel febbraio 2007 al Nunzio apostolico a Dublino, Giuseppe Lazzarotto. A lui il giudice Murphy chiese tutti i documenti rilevanti in suo possesso, ma non ottenne risposta.

Non ci fu risposta neanche alla richiesta di commento al Rapporto che era stato inviato a Lazzarotto dal momento che citavano il suo ufficio, come ricordano il 26 novembre 2009 su The Irish Thames in due diversi articoli Elaine Edwards e Patsy McGarry. Per inciso, il 22 dicembre 2007 Lazzarotto diventa improvvisamente Nunzio apostolico in Australia. Più lontano dall’Irlanda c’è solo l’Isola di Pasqua. Il quotidiano irlandese conclude citando il portavoce della Santa Sede, Federico Lombardi, che afferma: «Si tratta di una questione che riguarda la Chiesa locale». Ma l’evidenza dice altro. L’11 dicembre 2009 Benedetto XVI convocherà un vertice in Vaticano con la segreteria di Stato quasi al completo, il presidente della Conferenza episcopale irlandese, Sean Brady, il vescovo di Dublino Marmuid Martin e il “nuovo” nunzio Giuseppe Leanza. Oggi, a un anno di distanza e dopo tante scuse alle vittime dei preti pedofili (a proposito, ma le vittime che ne pensano di queste scuse?) fanno tutti finta di niente.

Cronache Laiche, il quotidiano. Laico per vocazione